Decorative antique nautical chart of the coast of Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland. Shows the coastline with a detailed plan of Leith. The bridge, which was built in the 15th century and demolished in 1780, connects the two parts of the city. With a beautiful view of Leith with sailing ships anchored in the harbor.
Decorated with a compass rose, two sailing ships, the city coat of arms and a richly decorated title cartouche. In addition to sandbanks and anchorages, also water depths are indicated. The chart is dedicated to Sir James Flemming, Lord Provosts of Edinburgh.
From Great Britain's Coasting Pilot. Being a New and Exact Survey of the Sea-Coast of England by Captain Greenville Collins. First printed in 1693 by Freeman Collins in London. The charts were reissued until 1792.
|Title||Prospect of Leith from the east - To the Right Honourable Sr. James Fleming, Lord Provost of ye City of Edenburgh|
|Publisher, Year||Freeman Collins, London, 1693-1792|
|Plate Size||44.4 x 56.7 cm (17.5 x 22.3 inches)|
|Sheet Size||52.5 x 62.7 cm (20.7 x 24.7 inches)|
Captain Greenville Collins (also spelt Greenvill or Greenvile) was an English captain and officer of the Royal Navy. In 1676 he served as a master of the Speedwell. The ship was wrecked off Novaya Zemlya, but the crew was rescued. Based on his journal of the voyage, Charles II drew attention to him and commissioned him to survey the coasts of Great Britain in 1681.
In 1693 he published his atlas Great Britain's Coasting Pilot containing tide tables, coastal views, and 49 sea charts of the coasts of England and Scotland. The Coasting Pilot was printed by his cousin Freeman Collins and sold by Richard Mount. Until the 19th century, 21 additional editions appeared. The sea charts were not very accurate, but an enormous advance against older charts. Collins was not only the first English hydrographer, but also one of the best.
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