Decorative antique sea chart of Harwich, Essex on the east coast of England. Shows the coastline from Hollesley to Walton-on-the-Naze with Shotley Gate, Felixstowe, Bawdsey and the estuaries of Deben, Orwell, Stour and Hamford Water.
Decorated with rhumb lines, a compass roses, sailing ships and a richly decorated title cartouche. In addition to sandbanks and anchorages, also water depths are indicated. The chart is dedicated to Samuel Pepys, Chief Secretary to the Admiralty.
From Great Britain's Coasting Pilot. Being a New and Exact Survey of the Sea-Coast of England by Captain Greenville Collins. First printed in 1693 by Freeman Collins in London. The charts were reissued until 1792.
|Title||Harwich, Woodbridg and Handfordwater, with the Sands from the Nazeland and to Hosely Bay.|
|Publisher, Year||Freeman Collins, London, 1693-1792|
|Plate Size||44.4 x 56.7 cm (17.5 x 22.3 inches)|
|Sheet Size||52.5 x 62.8 cm (20.7 x 24.7 inches)|
Captain Greenville Collins (also spelt Greenvill or Greenvile) was an English captain and officer of the Royal Navy. In 1676 he served as a master of the Speedwell. The ship was wrecked off Novaya Zemlya, but the crew was rescued. Based on his journal of the voyage, Charles II drew attention to him and commissioned him to survey the coasts of Great Britain in 1681.
In 1693 he published his atlas Great Britain's Coasting Pilot containing tide tables, coastal views, and 49 sea charts of the coasts of England and Scotland. The Coasting Pilot was printed by his cousin Freeman Collins and sold by Richard Mount. Until the 19th century, 21 additional editions appeared. The sea charts were not very accurate, but an enormous advance against older charts. Collins was not only the first English hydrographer, but also one of the best.
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