Old coloured antique map of Schleswig-Holstein and Hesse by A. Ortelius. Two maps on a sheet. The right map shows Schleswig-Holstein between the Elbe river and Flensburg and from the North Sea to Lübeck. With Hamburg, Husum, Schleswig, Kiel and Fehmarn. Above the title, at the bottom a cartouche. The left map shows Hessen between the Rhine and the Moselle with Bingen, Frankfurt and Mainz to Kassel. With Marburg in the centre. Top left a title cartouche. Dated to 1579. From the early Latin edition of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum from 1579. Latin text on verso.
Abraham Ortelius was born 1527 in Antwerp. He studied mathematics, Greek and Latin and travelled a lot across Europe. He established a business in dealing with books and drawing maps. His first remarkable map was a 8 sheet world map in the year 1564, but only three copies have survived. In 1570 he issued the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, the first modern Atlas with uniformly sized maps in a systematic collection. The term Atlas was not used until Mercator introduced it 20 years later. Most of the maps in Theatrum have been engraved by Frans Hogenberg. At the time of publication, the atlas was the most expensive book ever printed. Nevertheless it was a big success and around 7000 copies have been printed until 1612 in many editions and six different languages. Beside the Theatrum, Ortelius compiled a series of historical maps and published it in the Parergon Theatri which was bound with the Theatrum from 1579 onwards or published separately.
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Old coloured map of Schleswig-Holstein, Hesse. Printed in Antwerp by A. Ortelius in 1579.
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