Old coloured antique map of Saxony and Thuringia by A. Ortelius. Two maps on one sheet. The right map shows Saxony between Erfurt and Prague. With Dresden, Leipzig, Wittenberg, Görlitz, Weimar and Naumburg. With Freiberg and Döbeln in the centre. Below a title cartouche and mileage scale. The left map shows the area around Erfurt between Merseburg, Mansfeld, Saalfeld to Bad Salzungen at the Werra river. Below a title cartouche and mileage scale. From the Latin edition of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum from 1592. Latin text on verso.
Abraham Ortelius was born 1527 in Antwerp. He studied mathematics, Greek and Latin and travelled a lot across Europe. He established a business in dealing with books and drawing maps. His first remarkable map was a 8 sheet world map in the year 1564, but only three copies have survived. In 1570 he issued the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, the first modern Atlas with uniformly sized maps in a systematic collection. The term Atlas was not used until Mercator introduced it 20 years later. Most of the maps in Theatrum have been engraved by Frans Hogenberg. At the time of publication, the atlas was the most expensive book ever printed. Nevertheless it was a big success and around 7000 copies have been printed until 1612 in many editions and six different languages. Beside the Theatrum, Ortelius compiled a series of historical maps and published it in the Parergon Theatri which was bound with the Theatrum from 1579 onwards or published separately.
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Abraham Ortelius: Turingia Noviss. Descript. per Iohannem Mellinger Halens / Misniae et Lusatiae Tabula Descripta a M. Bartholemeo Sculteto....
Old coloured map of Saxony, Thuringia. Printed in Antwerp by A. Ortelius in 1592.
Germany - Ortelius, Abraham - Turingia Noviss. Descript. per Iohannem...