Very detailed, antique map of Württemberg by Abraham Ortelius. Shows the area from Pforzheim to Ulm and between Villingen-Schwenningen and Schwäbisch Hall with Stuttgart in the centre. With a beautiful title cartouche on the top left. From the Latin edition of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum from 1579. Latin text on verso. A very early copy, published in the year of the first edition in 1579.
Abraham Ortelius was born 1527 in Antwerp. He studied mathematics, Greek and Latin and travelled a lot across Europe. He established a business in dealing with books and drawing maps. His first remarkable map was a 8 sheet world map in the year 1564, but only three copies have survived. In 1570 he issued the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, the first modern Atlas with uniformly sized maps in a systematic collection. The term Atlas was not used until Mercator introduced it 20 years later. Most of the maps in Theatrum have been engraved by Frans Hogenberg. At the time of publication, the atlas was the most expensive book ever printed. Nevertheless it was a big success and around 7000 copies have been printed until 1612 in many editions and six different languages. Beside the Theatrum, Ortelius compiled a series of historical maps and published it in the Parergon Theatri which was bound with the Theatrum from 1579 onwards or published separately.
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Abraham Ortelius: Wirtenberg Ducatus.
Old coloured map of Baden-Württemberg. Printed in Antwerp by A. Ortelius in 1579.
Germany - Ortelius, Abraham - Wirtenberg Ducatus