Decorative incunable leaf in folio showing Istanbul (Constantinople) duringthe lightning strike on July 12, 1490 by Hartmann Schedel. From the famous Liber chronicarum or Nuremberg Chronicle in Latin edition published in 1493, the year that Columbus returned to Europe after discovering America. The small woodcut below shows the fall of a comet on November 7, 1492 near Ensisheim in the Alsace. Leaf number CCLVII.
The woodblock cutters were Michael Wolgemut, the well-known teacher of Albrecht Dürer, and his stepson Wilhelm Pleydenwurff. Wohlgemut was Albrecht Dürer's tutor between 1486-90. Since the young Dürer was active in Wohlgemut's printer shop during the time the woodblock for the Nuremberg Chronicle have produced, he may also have collaborated, since some of the cuts bear a remarkably close resemblance to his Apocalypse illustrations.
Upper right corner outside of the printed area torn off and restored. Small wormhole in margin.
Hartmann Schedel was born 1440 in Nuremberg. He studied in Leipzig and Padua several disciplines also Physics, Medicine and Laws. Neither his social position nor his business made him famous, but his major work the so called Schedel's World Chronicle. The incunable was issued 1493 in Latin, followed by the German edition in the same year. It contains more than 1800 woodcuts out of Michael Wolgemut woodcut shop. Albrecht Dürer completed an apprenticeship with Wolgemut around 1490, so even Dürer may has worked on these woodcuts. Many of the illustrations showing cities the first time ever. In 1497 the Small Schedel was printed by Johann Schönsperger in Augsburg, a reduced version of the Nuremberg print also smaller in size. Schedel died 1514 in Nuremberg.
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Hartmann Schedel: [Istanbul, Constantinople].
Antique woodcut town view of Constantinople, Istanbul. Printed in Nuremberg by Anton Koberger in 1493.
Turkey - Schedel, Hartmann - [Istanbul, Constantinople]