This map of Europe is from Mercator's Atlas sive Cosmographicae Meditationes de Fabrica Mundi et Fabricati Figura, first published in 1595.
The geography depicted on the map corresponds to Mercator's world wall map of 1569. There are several fictional elements on the map that originated from Nicolo Zeno, a Venetian, in 1558. According to Zeno's map, his noble ancestors Nicolò and Antonio discovered America in the 15th century, predating Columbus. However, they became stranded on an island called Frisland (Frislant), located south of Iceland, which does not actually exist. Mercator included Zeno's information on his maps, and due to his esteemed reputation, these inaccuracies continued to be depicted on maps in subsequent years.
Mercator's maps are renowned for their elegant lettering and engraving. The intricate strapwork cartouche is only present in early editions of this atlas. In 1606, Jodocus Hondius assumed production of the atlas and made numerous alterations.
|Title||Europa, ad magnae Europae Gerardi Mercatoris|
|Publisher, Year||Henricus Hondius, Amsterdam, 1628|
|Plate Size||38.3 x 46.7 cm (15.1 x 18.4 inches)|
|Sheet Size||47.7 x 56.7 cm (18.8 x 22.3 inches)|
|Reference||Van der Krogt, P.: Koeman's Atlantes Neerlandici, 1000:1A|
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